Background and rationale
The situation in the oPt is characterized by pervasive constraints on humanitarian access, including on the access of humanitarian actors to people in need (both staff and material assistance), as well as the access of affected populations and beneficiaries to services and livelihoods. The majority of these constraints stem from practices and policies implemented by the Government of Israel, in many cases citing security concerns, and have resulted in an increasing fragmentation of the oPt. This has been compounded by policies implemented by other actors, primarily Egypt and the Hamas authorities in the Gaza Strip.
Cumulatively and over time, these constraints have exacerbated the vulnerability of large segments of the Palestinian population, undermined the ability of agencies to respond, and increased the costs of humanitarian operations.
To address some of these concerns related to the movement of personnel, in 2009, the Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator established an Access Coordination Unit (ACU) that is in charge of monitoring access incidents, liaising with the relevant authorities and intervening to solve incidents and facilitate access. In 2013, the HCT adopted a policy framework addressing the impediments to the provision of humanitarian aid to communities in Area C of the West Bank. Many individual agencies have also adopted ad hoc positions and procedures concerning specific access restrictions affecting their staff and operations.
However, the HCT as a body lacks a comprehensive and coherent access strategy, tackling both access by humanitarian agencies and affected populations. A policy which identifies the collective priorities in terms of the impediments to be addressed, states the principles that should guide action regarding those priorities, and establishes relevant policies and intervention tools.
The main objective of this consultancy is to prepare the ground towards the formulation of a comprehensive HCT access strategy, by carrying out a mapping of the main policies and practices impeding humanitarian access in the oPt; the scope of the impact of these policies and practices in generic terms; and the approaches and principles (or lack of them) adopted by humanitarian actors to address these constraints, including monitoring and intervention tools.
Tasks , deliverables and time frame
- Review the available literature and information sources on humanitarian access in the oPt (one week).
- Conduct key informant interviews with relevant actors affected by, or dealing with humanitarian access (one week).
- Produce a matrix mapping the findings of the research, accompanied by a short narrative description and circulate it among key stakeholders (one week).
- Incorporate comments and finalize (one week).
- Masters degree in social sciences from a recognized university
- A minimum of five years of experience on issues related to humanitarian access in the oPt.
- Fluency in written and spoken English. Knowledge of Arabic and/or Hebrew is an asset
- Excellent knowledge and understanding of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
- Excellent analytical and writing skills
- Good communication skills
- Familiarity with the UN system